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Sunday, 13 November 2011

November 14th in Queer History

Events in LGBT history:

2001, Egypt. 21 of those arrested on “The Queen Boat” in Cairo, convicted of “habitual practice of debauchery,” 1 for “contempt of religion,” & 1 for both. A 53rd man (a teenager) tried in juvenile court and sentenced to 3 years prison and 3 years probation

Vatican, 2006 – “Ministry to persons with a homosexual inclination” document issued by the Roman Catholic Church

Born this day

Adolf Brand (1874 – 1945),  German.   Author, Anarchist, Activist
German writer, individualist anarchist and pioneering campaigner for the acceptance of male bisexuality and homosexuality.

Eugene O’Brien (1880 – 1966),  US.  Actor
Silent film star and stage actor.

Aaron Copland (1900 – 1990),  US.   Composer,  Conductor
American composer,teacher, writer, and conductor,often referred to as "the Dean of American Composers". His best known works are the ballets Appalachian Spring, Billy the Kid, Rodeo and his Fanfare for the Common Man, and the Clarinet Concerto.

Albrecht Becker (1906 – 2002), German.  Actor,  Photographer, Production Designer
Production designer, photographer, and actor, who was imprisoned by the Nazi regime for the charge of homosexuality.

Pierre Berge (1930 –  ),  French.   Businessman
French industrialist and patron. He is perhaps best known as the co-founder of Yves Saint Laurent Couture House and former partner of fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent.

Jack Smith (1932 –1989), US.  Actor, Playwright, Director, Photographer
American filmmaker, actor, and pioneer of underground cinema. He is generally acclaimed as a founding father of American performance art, and has been critically recognized as a master photographer, though his photographic works are rare and remain largely unknown.

Wendy Carlos (1939 -   ),  US.  Composer / Musician / Photographer
American composer and electronic musician. Carlos first came to notice in the late 1960s with recordings made on the Moog synthesizer. Born Walter Carlos, she underwent sex reassignment surgery in 1972 after living as a woman beginning in May 1968.

Tom Judson [Gus Mattox] (1960 –  ), US.  Actor, Porn, Composer
American musical theatre actor and composer, particularly for off-Broadway and Broadway plays, and a former porn actor.

Stefano Gabbana (1962 –  ),  Italian.  Fashion Designer
Co-founder of the Dolce & Gabbana fashion house/

Petra Rossner (1966 –  ), German.  Cyclist
German cyclist, who won the gold medal in 3 km pursuit track cycling at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. In the same event she won the 1991 World Championships and finished second in 1989.
Since 1996 she has been living in Leipzig with her partner Judith Arndt. In 2006 the couple announced that they want to adopt a child.

Svetlana Surganova (1968 – )  Russian  Musician / Singer / Poet
Russian rock musician, singer and poet. She was a founding member of the popular Russian rock band "Nochnye Snaipery" (Night Snipers), vocalling and playing violin. She and another member of Night Snipers are considered Russian lesbian icons: many of their songs hint of intimacy between women and are considered lesbian and feminist anthems of Russophone world.

Russell Tovey (1981 –   ),  UK.  Actor
English actor with numerous television, film and stage credits. Tovey is best known for playing the role of werewolf George Sands on BBC Three's supernatural drama Being Human,
Saints' Day

St John of the Cross , Mystic, and composer of homoerotic mystical verse.

William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (1938 – 1872), UK.  Politician
British Liberal politician. He was Governor of New South Wales, a member of the Liberal administrations of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith and leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Lords between 1924 and 1931. When political enemies threatened to make public his homosexuality he resigned from office to go into exile.

Adrian Lee Kellard  (1991 –  1959), US.  Artist
American artist known for his woodcuts and sculptures of religious and often homoerotic imagery.

Tony Richardson (1928  - 1991), UK.  Director / Producer
English theatre and film director and producer. Richardson was married to actress Vanessa Redgrave from 1962 until they divorced in 1967.
Richardson was bisexual, but never acknowledged it publicly until after he contracted AIDS. He died of complications from AIDS in 1991.

Humphrey Berkeley  (1926  -1994),  UK.  Politician
British politician noted for his many changes of parties and his efforts to effect homosexual law reform

Tom Villard (1953 -1994 ), US. Actor
American actor. He is best known for his leading role in the 1980s series We Got it Made as Jay Bostwick, as well as roles in feature films One Crazy Summer, Heartbreak Ridge, My Girl, and Popcorn.
Toward the end of his life, Tom Villard became one of the few actors in Hollywood in the early 1990s who chose to be open about his homosexuality, and the challenge of living with HIV and AIDS. In February 1994 Villard made an unprecedented appearance on the CBS tabloid-style news show Entertainment Tonight, admitting to "...more than 13 million viewers that he was gay, that he had AIDS, and that he needed some help."

Peter Wildeblood (1923  - 1999), UK / Canadian.  Journalist, Author, Playwright, Activist

Lateisha Green (? -  2008 –  ), US.  Hate Crime Victim
New York trans woman who was shot dead by Dwight DeLee,found guilty of first-degree manslaughter as a hate crime against gays.

Sodomy laws in history, November 14

1910 — The Louisiana Supreme Court rules that the "crime against nature" and "sodomy" are synonymous terms.

1917 — A Georgia appellate court rules that cunnilingus performed by a male violates the state’s sodomy law.

1934 — A California appellate court upholds an oral copulation conviction over the defendant’s contention of "inherent improbability" of the trial testimony.

1955 — The U.S. Supreme Court refuses to hear a challenge to the Ohio sodomy law.

1957 — The Church of England Assembly endorses the Wolfenden Report that recommended decriminalizing consensual sodomy.

1960 — A California appellate court upholds the oral copulation conviction of two men in a restroom stall. A busybody looked under the door.

1966 — The Maine Supreme Court upholds a sodomy conviction, despite the admission of conflicting testimony, and after admission of "pornographic" photos owned by the defendant.

1995 — The Austrian Parliament defeats a bill to lower the age of consent for homosexual sex to the same as heterosexual sex.



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